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Riane Tennenhaus Eisler born 22 July is a cultural historian , systems scientist , educator, attorney, speaker, and author whose work on cultural transformation has inspired scholars and social activists. Her research has had an effect in many fields, including history, literature, philosophy, art, economics, psychology, sociology, education, human rights, organizational development, political science, and healthcare.
Eisler was born in Vienna , fled from the Nazis with her parents to Cuba as a small child, and later emigrated to the United States. She obtained degrees in sociology and law from UCLA. She is editor-in-chief of the Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies at the University of Minnesota and President of the Center for Partnership Studies, dedicated to research and education on the partnership model introduced by Eisler's research.
Eisler proposes that new social paradigms are needed that transcend the limitations of conventional social categories such as religious vs. West, and pre-industrial vs. She notes that societies in all these categories have been repressive and violent, and that none answer the question of what kinds of institutions and beliefs support more equitable and peaceful relations.
In addressing this question, Eisler's multidisciplinary, cross-cultural research provides a new analytical tool for understanding and improving social systems: the biocultural partnership-domination lens. Eisler introduced the term domination system to describe a system of top-down rankings ultimately backed up by fear or force - man over man, man over woman, race over race, religion over religion, and man over nature. The configuration of the domination system has four mutually supporting core components: Top-down control in families, economies and states, and all institutions in between; Rigid male dominance—and with this, the devaluation by both men and women of anything stereotypically considered "feminine," including care and caregiving; The acceptance, even idealization, of abuse and violence as a means of imposing one's will on others; A system of beliefs that presents relations of dominating or being dominated as inevitable and desirable.
By contrast, the configuration of the partnership system consists of the following four mutually supporting core components: A more democratic and egalitarian structure in the family, economy, and state or tribe; equal partnership between women and men, and with this a high valuing in women and men, as well as in social and economic policy, of traits and activities stereotypically considered feminine, such as care and caregiving; a low degree of abuse and violence, because they are not needed to maintain rigid rankings of domination; A system of beliefs that presents relations of partnership and mutual respect as normal and desirable.
Examples of partnership-oriented societies include the Teduray , a tribal society studied by the University of California anthropologist Stuart Schlegel;  agrarian societies such as the Minangkabau , studied by the University of Pennsylvania anthropologist Peggy Reeves Sanday;  and technologically advanced ones like Sweden , Norway , and Finland , where there is a more democratic and egalitarian structure in the family, economy, and the state, more equal partnership between men and women for example, women are percent of national legislators , and more caring social policies such as universal health care , paid parental leave, and high quality early childhood education, as well as the rejection of violence in both intimate and international relations.
The book incorporates Fry's extensive research on foraging societies to debunk popular theories claiming that we are prisoners of evolutionary imperatives that drive us to war, rape, and other cruelties; the evidence is that humans lived as foragers for millennia in groups that, as Fry found, were "the original partnership societies".
In earlier works such as The Chalice and the Blade and Sacred Pleasure , Eisler analyzes the androcracy governance of social organization dominated by males of Indo-European and other societies, versus greater orientation to the partnership system as distinct from matriarchy for the social organization of Neolithic Europe and the later Minoan civilization that flourished in prehistoric Bronze Age Crete.
To support the idea that neither men nor women dominated one another, Eisler cited archeological evidence from southeast Europe, especially Crete, drawing from the research of archaeologists Marija Gimbutas , James Mellaart , Nikolaos Platon , Vere Gordon Childe , and Nanno Marinatos. No society orients completely to a domination system or a partnership system. It is always a matter of degree in what Eisler calls a partnership-domination continuum.
But with these configurations in mind, much that otherwise seems random and disconnected begins to fall into place — including how economic systems have been developed, as Eisler documents in The Real Wealth of Nations: Creating a Caring Economics , as well as in many articles and book chapters, including "Economics as If Caring Matters" in Challenge. It shows that, contrary to popular beliefs about "selfish genes" driving human behavior, how people think and feel is heavily influenced by whether they grow up in partnership or domination oriented environments.
It also documents that in reality humans in the course of evolution developed a propensity for empathy, caring, and creativity, which is, however, inhibited in domination systems. It further points to interventions that can accelerate the contemporary movement toward partnership and prevent further regressions to domination.
Her book, The Real Wealth of Nations: Creating a Caring Economics , proposes a new approach to economics that gives visibility and value to the essential human work of caring for people and the planet. It has been hailed by Archbishop Desmond Tutu as "a template for the better world we have been so urgently seeking," by Peter Senge as "desperately needed," and by Gloria Steinem as "revolutionary.
It provides healthcare professionals with the tools to re-examine current healthcare systems and build a more caring, sustainable system. Eisler's other books include the award-winning The Power of Partnership and Tomorrow's Children , as well as Sacred Pleasure: Sex, Myth, and the Politics of the Body — New Paths to Power and Love , an exploration of the origins of human violence, and Women, Men, and the Global Quality of Life , which statistically documents the key role of the status of women in a nation's general quality of life.
Riane Eisler keynotes conferences worldwide, and is a consultant to business and government on applications of the partnership model introduced in her work. She is the president of the Center for Partnership Studies, dedicated to research and education. Eisler was one of the founders of the Women's Rights Law Reporter , the first legal periodical to focus exclusively on women's rights. Riane Eisler has influenced many fields. Min Jiayin's book tested Eisler's cultural transformation theory in Chinese culture, and found that there was also a shift from partnership to domination in Asian prehistory.
In her book, Gender and Information Technology: Moving Beyond Access to Co-Create Global Partnership , Mary Kirk uses Eisler's cultural transformation theory to offer an interdisciplinary, social systems perspective on issues of access to technology.
The Center for Partnership Studies CPS , located in Carmel, California , was established in for the purpose of researching, developing, and disseminating education on the partnership model as developed by Riane Eisler. The Caring Economy Campaign is a project of the Center for Partnership studies that is focused on building a partnership system with clear measures of the economic benefits of the work of caring for people and nature.
To that end, the Caring Economy Campaign has developed Social Wealth Economic Indicators SWEIs  to help guide policy-makers in developing an economic system that takes into account unpaid or underpaid labor, overall health and wellbeing, and the general welfare of the population.
The mission of The Spiritual Alliance to Stop Intimate Violence SAIV is to stop intimate violence — the training ground for the violence of war, terrorism, political repression, and crime.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Riane Eisler. Vienna , Austria. Archived from the original on Retrieved Wisdom From A Rainforest. University of Georgia Press. Women at the Center. Cornell University Press.
Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies. University of Minnesota. Humanism and Its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved September 15, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation.
Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 24 December Categories : American sociologists Feminist studies scholars Living people People who emigrated to escape Nazism Austrian emigrants to the United States Women sociologists American non-fiction writers Nautilus Book Award winners American women's rights activists American human rights activists American relationships and sexuality writers Matriarchy births American women non-fiction writers.
El caliz y la espada
Riane Tennenhaus Eisler born 22 July is a cultural historian , systems scientist , educator, attorney, speaker, and author whose work on cultural transformation has inspired scholars and social activists. Her research has had an effect in many fields, including history, literature, philosophy, art, economics, psychology, sociology, education, human rights, organizational development, political science, and healthcare. Eisler was born in Vienna , fled from the Nazis with her parents to Cuba as a small child, and later emigrated to the United States. She obtained degrees in sociology and law from UCLA. She is editor-in-chief of the Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies at the University of Minnesota and President of the Center for Partnership Studies, dedicated to research and education on the partnership model introduced by Eisler's research.
Espada Y El Caliz
El cáliz y la espada