It is a vast depression lying in the northeastern section of M'Sila Province and the western end of Batna Province. It is characterized by the Chott El Hodna , an endorheic salt lake , in its centre with seasonal brackish and saline pools and marshes. A thin film of water collects during wet seasons on the level terrain of the large lake basin, which becomes a salt flat when it dries. The elevation of the lake's surface is slightly below m, while the surrounding steppe -like plain, characterized by wadis and oases , averages between and meters in elevation in the communes near the lake.

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Chott el-Hodna , shallow saline lake in north-central Algeria. It is separated from the Tell Atlas to the north by the Hodna Mountains. The lake occupies the bottom of an arid depression elevation of 1, feet [ m] in the Hodna Plain and serves as an interior drainage basin. Owing to the extreme rate of evaporation, Chott el-Hodna is of varying size about 50 miles [80 km] long and 10 miles [16 km] wide and is often dry.

Remains of agricultural and irrigation works evidence Roman and premedieval settlement in the vicinity of the lake. Despite the possibility of artesian water supply , the region remains agriculturally undeveloped.

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Chott el Hodna

Jump to navigation. Chott El Hodna is part of a serie of chotts salt lakes fed by water from the Tell Atlas range to the north and the Saharan Atlas to the south. The landscape features vegetated Maghreb steppe with seasonal brackish and saline lakes and pools, marshes and freshwater springs. Around the chott are wadis valleys and oases, and a surrounding sebkha salt flat which is devoid of vegetation.


Chott El Hodna

It is located within an endorheic basin in the Hodna region, towards the eastern end of the Hautes Plaines. Despois argues that the Chott el Hodna is not a proper Chott , but a Sebkha. The chott area provides an important habitat for certain endangered species such as the Cuvier's gazelle , the marbled duck and different kinds of bustards , as well as indigenous fish species. The Chott el Hodna was declared a Ramsar site on 2 February From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Chott el-Hodna



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