This paper aims to clarify the original project of Augusto Boal's Theatre of the Oppressed, which is a set of dramatic techniques whose purpose is to bring to light systemic exploitation and oppression within common situations, and to allow spectators to become actors. All those have been elaborated to pursue a clear objective that is to transform spectators into actors. By becoming actors within the dramatic setting, Boal thinks that we can become political actors in everyday life. Nowadays, Theatre of the Oppressed is quite well known worldwide, but because this theatre is intended to react to specific political circumstances, we often tend to forget where it comes from, when it was born and even more important, why it was made. An entire book could be filled with Theatre of the Oppressed's history and another one just to explain and analyze its theory and its place within the landscape of political art. So this article does not claim to be anything more than an abstract or an introduction to a huge field of study.
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It is also practiced on a grassroots level by community organizers, activists, teachers, social workers, cultural animators, and more. In the U. Inspired by the vision of Paulo Freire and his landmark treatise on education, Pedagogy of the Oppressed , T. It is about analyzing rather than accepting, questioning rather than giving answers. Click Here to Sign-Up for our Newsletter. Theatre of the Oppressed. Theatre of the Oppressed techniques include: Image Theatre A series of physical exercises and games designed to uncover essential truths, opinions, and observations about society, culture, self, etc.
Forum Theatre A problem-solving technique in which an unresolved scene of oppression is presented. It is then replayed with the audience invited to stop the action, replace the character they feel is oppressed, struggling, or lacking power, and improvise alternative solutions.
This structure, probably the most famous in T. Cop-in-the-Head A technique that explores internalized oppression — the internal voices, societal messages, obstacles, fears, etc. Invisible Theatre Issue oriented scenes performed in public settings e. Traditionally used in contexts where the political climate inhibits organized open dialogue on controversial issues. Legislative Theatre An approach, developed by Boal when he was elected Vereador Councilman in Rio, to propose laws by using the above techniques to collect opinions directly from the people.
What is Theatre of the Oppressed?
It is also practiced on a grassroots level by community organizers, activists, teachers, social workers, cultural animators, and more. In the U. Inspired by the vision of Paulo Freire and his landmark treatise on education, Pedagogy of the Oppressed , T. It is about analyzing rather than accepting, questioning rather than giving answers. Click Here to Sign-Up for our Newsletter. Theatre of the Oppressed.
Theatre of the Oppressed: Definition, History & Characteristics
The Theatre of the Oppressed TO describes theatrical forms that the Brazilian theatre practitioner Augusto Boal first elaborated in the s, initially in Brazil and later in Europe. Boal was influenced by the work of the educator and theorist Paulo Freire. Boal's techniques use theatre as means of promoting social and political change in alignment originally with radical-left politics and later with centre-left ideology. In the Theatre of the Oppressed, the audience becomes active, such that as "spect-actors" they explore, show, analyse and transform the reality in which they are living. Although it was first officially adopted in the s, Theatre of the Oppressed, a term coined by Augusto Boal, is a series of theatrical analyses and critiques was first developed in the s. Boal was an avid supporter of using interactive techniques, especially in the context of theatre.
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