The great philosopher-poet, Bharthruhari, was the King of Ujjain. He was the elder step brother of the renowned Vikramaaditya. It was he who gave us the immortal Subhashita Trishati consisting the trilogy of Neeti Sataka, Sringara Sataka and Vairagya Sataka which truly reflect his life expeiences as a king, as a lover and as an ascetic. Students of Sanskrit are sure to have read selections from Subhashita Trishati which encompasses almost every experience known to man and pours them forth in beautiful poetry. It provides philosophy to those interested in it. It provides metrical delight to lovers of poetry by the use of common meters such as Indravajra, Upendravajra, Vasantatilaka, Malini, Sikharini, Mandakranta, Sardulavikridita, Sragdhara etc.
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Agni fire , Rna runa-loan , shatru enemy , if remain even in small trace shesham will grow again punah punah pravardheta , so finish them completely tatah sheshamna karayet. There are three jewels in this earth. They are water, food and Subhaashita!! But theFools call the pieces of rocks as Jewels! Subhaashitaa are nothing but the collectionof vast experiences of people or in other words wise sayings.
There is no official coronation RaajyaBhishekh ceremony held to declare that lion isthe king of jungle. He becomes king by his own attributes and heroism Parakram. When it cathes fire in forest, wind is there to assist it. Samewind destroys a small lamp sa eva deep nashayay.
The above Subhaashita is verymuch applicable from the national point of view. One will support you if you arepowerful or else the same will destroy you. So the only alternative with us is tobecome a mighty and powerful nation in the world. A crooked mans Durjan Knowledge Vidya is used by him only for thearguments ViVaad , his Wealth Dhanam results in him becomming an egoistic Madaaya person and his Power Shakthi is used just to trouble others Paripidaanaaya.
The opposite is true for a good man sajjan. Crying Rodanam is the strength of a small child [Parents accede tothe childs demand due to the childs crying. Thus crying is the strength of a child as itcan get what it desires by crying! Not expressing the views is the strength of anunintillegent person! Thieves get away with their crimesby their art of telling the untruth.
Lets identify our strengths!! Horse Ashwam? Only the baby goat AjaaPutram is sacrificed during any ritual. Conclusion is that even God does not protect the weak!!
In all the 18 Puranas Shri. Vyaasa Maharshi has told only two gospels: Doing favourto others is Punya and troubling others is Paapa Sin!! Starting from Himalayas and extending upto Indu sarovaram Indian Ocean is the nation created by God which is known as Hindusthan. Himalayan rangesincluding Hindukush parvat on Western side and the ranges extending upto NorthMyanmar Brahmadesh on the Eastern side formed the Northern Boundary ofancient Hindusthan. This land extended upto the Indian Ocean on the Southern side.
This is the sacred land where God took Birth from time to time and recreated andestablished the social structure. All the people over the earth Pruthiwyam Sarvamanavaha should take lessons aboutliving and building their characters from the ancestors Rishis and Saints Agrajanmanaha who took birth in this land, Nation. Etaddesh prasootasya The Hindu culture and heritage is the greatest of its kind in this world and has powerto lead and show right path to the whole world.
Consideration like "he is mine or he is anothers" occur only to the narrow mindedpersons. To the broad-minded persons the whole world is a family. Every moment one should learn, from every bit one should earn. Speed is the glory of Horse Ashwa.
The majestic walk is the glory of elephant Gaja Being wise Chatur is an asset to women Naarya and always being engaged insome work Udyogo suits the man. Hunger, Thirst Trut and desire Aasha are like mans three wives. Until he is alivethese three will never leave him or go else where.
There is no letter which is not a mantra which cant be used in mantra , there is noroot, which cant form some medicine, there is no person who is absolutely useless. But persons who can identify their utility and put them in proper usage are rare. The word "dharma" is derived from verb "dharaNa".
Hence if something is able to hold people together, no doubt it is dharma. Eating or things needed for survival , sleep, fear from somebody and sex life forreproduction , these habits are common between human beings and animals. It is "dharma" which isadditional important quality of man, without which he is same as an animal. O Maitreyi! Man is not loved by his wife because he is husband, but because of theAtma Soul in him. Telling truth is recommended, but more than that, tell those things which are ininterest of all.
According to me nArada here thing which is beneficial to largecommunity, is truth. There is no kingdom nor any king! No criminal nor any judge to give the penalty to thecriminal!! All the people protect each other by the virtue of Dharma. This is a varnanof an Aadarsha samaj!! A samaj which is a live samaj in which each and everyindividual lives completely up to his responsibility!! Only a samaj which will be madeup of such ideal individuals can realise the above subhaashita!!
One example is worth mentioning. If the number of social service organisations suchas orphanages, child care centres etc. Infact such institutions will come up because the relativesor neighbours may have failed to do their Dharma!! Bhishmacharya is generallytelling dharmaraja about hou good his rule should be. To my knowledge ekshwakuwas the first king any body can correct me if im wrong.
Lakshman, This Golden Lanka does not allure me. Mother and Motherland is dearerto me even than heaven. It is very appropriate to remember theshloka on the occasion of Vijayadashami. Over six thousand years ago, after the greatVictory over Ravana, on the day of Vijayadashami, Lord Shree Ram tells Lakshmanathat He was not interested in the wealth of Lanka and did never want to rule Lanka.
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संस्कृत सुभाषितानि - ०५
NEETI SHATAKAM OF BHARTHRUHARI
If a fire, a loan, or an enemy continues to exist even to a small extent, it will grow again and again; so do not let any one of it continue to exist even to a small extent. There are three jewels on earth: water, food, and adages. Fools, however, regard pieces of rocks as jewels. It may be the common experience that not all feel for the same problem in the 'intensity' that we as individual may feel for that.
subhaashita related Sanskrit Documents in Devanagari script
In the medieval tradition of Indian scholarship, it was assumed that both texts were written by the same person. Both the grammar and the poetic works had an enormous influence in their respective fields. The grammar in particular, takes a holistic view of language, countering the compositionality position of the Mimamsakas and others. The poetry constitute short verses, collected into three centuries of about a hundred poems each. Each century deals with a different rasa or aesthetic mood; on the whole his poetic work has been very highly regarded both within the tradition and by modern scholarship. The name Bhartrihari is also sometimes associated with Bhartrihari traya Shataka, the legendary king of Ujjaini in the 1st century.