Ludwig van Beethoven 's Piano Sonata No. It has remained one of his most celebrated compositions. The second movement, "Adagio cantabile", especially, makes use of a theme remarkably similar to one in the spacious second movement of Mozart's sonata. It is known that Beethoven was familiar with the works of Bach, studying The Well-Tempered Clavier as a youth and returning to his predecessor's compositional styles later in life.
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The first movement begins with a dark and dramatic introduction before assuming the brisk, nearly frenetic motion of the traditional sonata form. The second movement is gentle, with a central theme that gradually evolves as new melodies derived from fragments of the original are introduced.
In the final movement Beethoven offers a tempestuous rondo. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Betsy Schwarm. See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: sonata. Sonata , type of musical composition, usually for a solo instrument or a small instrumental ensemble, that typically consists of two to four movements, or sections, each in a related key but with a unique musical character.
Piano , a keyboard musical instrument having wire strings that sound when struck by felt-covered hammers operated from a keyboard. The standard modern piano contains 88 keys and has a compass of seven full octaves plus a few keys. Orchestra , instrumental ensemble of varying size and composition. Although applied to various ensembles found in Western and non-Western music, orchestra in an unqualified sense usually refers to the typical Western music ensemble of bowed stringed instruments complemented by wind and percussion instruments that, in the string section at least, has….
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Piano Sonata No. 8 (Beethoven)
Piano Sonata No. 8 "Pathétique"