It was originally written in Sanskrit. One of its oldest recensions is found in the 12th Book of the Kathasaritsagara "Ocean of the Streams of Story" , a work in Sanskrit compiled in the 11th century by Somadeva , but based on yet older materials, now lost. This recension comprises in fact twenty-four tales, the frame narrative itself being the twenty-fifth. The Vetala stories are popular in India and have been translated into many Indian vernaculars. King Vikrama faces many difficulties in bringing the vetala to the tantric.
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It was originally written in Sanskrit. One of its oldest recensions is found in the 12th Book of the Kathasaritsagara "Ocean of the Streams of Story" , a work in Sanskrit compiled in the 11th century by Somadeva , but based on yet older materials, now lost.
This recension comprises in fact twenty-four tales, the frame narrative itself being the twenty-fifth. The Vetala stories are popular in India and have been translated into many Indian vernaculars. King Vikrama faces many difficulties in bringing the vetala to the tantric.
Each time Vikram tries to capture the vetala, it tells a story that ends with a riddle. If Vikrama cannot answer the question correctly, the vampire consents to remain in captivity. If the king knows the answer but still keeps quiet, then his head shall burst into thousand pieces. And if King Vikrama answers the question correctly, the vampire would escape and return to his tree. He knows the answer to every question; therefore the cycle of catching and releasing the vampire continues twenty-four times.
On the twenty-fifth attempt, the Vetala tells the story of a father and a son in the aftermath of a devastating war.
They find the queen and the princess alive in the chaos, and decide to take them home. In due time, the son marries the queen and the father marries the princess. Eventually, the son and the queen have a son, and the father and the princess have a daughter. The vetala asks what the relation between the two newborn children is.
The question stumps Vikrama. Satisfied, the vetala allows himself to be taken to the tantric. On their way to the tantric, Vetala tells his story. His parents did not have a son and a tantric blessed them with twin sons on a condition that both be educated under him. Vetala was taught everything in the world but often ill-treated.
Whereas his brother was taught just what was needed but always well treated. Vetala came to know that the tantric planned to give his brother back to his parents and Vetala instead would be sacrificed as he was an 'all-knowing kumara' and by sacrificing him the tantric could be immortal and rule the world using his tantric powers. Vetal also reveals that now the tantric's plan is to sacrifice Vikram, beheading him as he bowed in front of the goddess.
Then tantric could then gain control over the vetala and sacrifice his soul, thus achieving his evil ambition. The vetala suggests that the king asks the tantric how to perform his obeisance, then take advantage of that moment to behead the sorcerer himself. The vetala offers the king a boon, whereupon Vikram requests that the tantric's heart and mind be cleaned of all sins and his life be restored as a good living being and that the vetala would come to the king's aid when needed. A variation of this story replaces the vetal with a minor celestial who, in exchange for his own life, reveals the plot by two tradesmen replacing the sorcerer to assassinate Vikrama and advises Vikrama to trick them into positions of vulnerability as described above.
Having killed them, Vikrama is offered a reward by the goddess, who grants him two spirits loyal to Her as his servants. The title of the film was also derived from the two key characters from the folktale. In , the story was developed by Sagar Films Pvt.
It was aired on Doordarshan , the public television broadcaster of India. A remake of that serial by the new generation of Sagar Films Pvt.
A web series titled The Vetala was released in , written and directed by Damon Vignale. The series reveals a CGI vetala character in the final episode. The children's Chandamama , featured a serial story titled New Tales of Vikram and Betal for many years. As the title suggests, the original premise of the story is maintained, as new stories are told by Vetala to King Vikrama. In the novel, Alif the Unseen , a character named Vikrama the Vampire appears as a jinn. He tells how thousands of years ago, King Vikrama had set off to defeat the Vetala, a vampire jinn terrorizing one of his villages.
Vikrama won the Vetala's game of wits, but forfeited his life. The Vetala now inhabits his body. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a comparison of the content of different versions, see List of Vetala Tales. Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 25 February The legend says that Vikram aur Betaal has been one of the most popular fantasy shows made for children and had won acclaim and huge popularity during its run on Doordarshan National Network in the year Baital Pachisi.
VIKRAM AND THE VAMPIRE
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The story turns chiefly on a great king named Vikram, the King Arthur of the East, who in pursuance of his promise to a Jogi or Magician, brings to him the Baital Vampire , who is hanging on a tree. The difficulties King Vikram and his son have in bringing the Vampire into the presence of the Jogi are truly laughable; and on this thread is strung a series of Hindu fairy stories, which contain much interesting information on Indian customs and manners. It also alludes to that state, which induces Hindu devotees to allow themselves to be buried alive, and to appear dead for weeks or months, and then to return to life again; a curious state of mesmeric catalepsy, into which they work themselves by concentrating the mind and abstaining from food—a specimen of which I have given a practical illustration in the Life of Sir Richard Burton. There is not a dull page in it, and it will especially please those who delight in the weird and supernatural, the grotesque, and the wild life.
Baital Pachisi: An Indian Vampire Meta-Story