Ray L. Huntington, Frank F. Judd Jr. Gaye Strathearn is an assistant professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University. Even among students of the New Testament this unfamiliarity is conspicuous. One is hard-pressed to find a single monograph which deals with the exegetical or theological problems raised by the letter.

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Ray L. Huntington, Frank F. Judd Jr. Gaye Strathearn is an assistant professor of ancient scripture at Brigham Young University.

Even among students of the New Testament this unfamiliarity is conspicuous. One is hard-pressed to find a single monograph which deals with the exegetical or theological problems raised by the letter. In the past few years, however, I have instituted a course correction to make sure that I include this short but powerful book of scripture.

For Latter-day Saints in particular, Jude contains references that become more meaningful when viewed through the lens of Restoration teaching: the Apostasy, our premortal first estate, the translation of Moses, and our belief in an open canon.

Some suggest that Jude was an Apostle. This conclusion is based on two very different arguments. Rather, the translators have inserted the phrase. Therefore, the link between the Jude of the epistle and the lists of Apostles in Luke and Acts is, at best, tenuous. Another argument suggests that Jude may be identified with the Apostle Thomas. There are however, some problems with this line of reasoning. Second, the identification of the Apostle Thomas with Judas is attested in only one limited geographical area of the early Christian Church: eastern Syria.

From this theological perspective, Thomas is the human embodiment of that garment, which must be reunited with its principal to secure salvation. It is therefore difficult to definitively identify Jude as an Apostle. It may simply be that his epistle received canonical status because of his family association with both Jesus and James. The earliest extant copy of the Epistle of Jude is a small papyrus codex from the Bodmer collection, p There are only two other references that the Prophet made to Jude and his epistle.

The first comes in a discussion of the mission of Enoch. He is reserved also unto the presidency of a dispensation. He is a ministering angel, to minister to those who shall be heirs of salvation, and appeared unto Jude as Abel did unto Paul; therefore Jude spoke of him.

Elder Bruce R. The doctrine of the Apostasy is the bedrock upon which the need for a restoration is founded. Elder Neal A. Resulting fragmentation, diffusion, and distortion contributed to a wide variety of world religions—Christian and non-Christian. New Testament epistles clearly indicate that serious and widespread apostasy—not just sporadic dissent—began soon. Jude does make it clear, however, that the problems were internal in nature.

He also specifies that the deeds of those who were responsible had been proclaimed or written down long ago see v. Jacob, you know, wrestled till he had obtained. It was by fervent prayer and diligent search that you have obtained the testimony you are now able to bear.

You are as one; you are equal in bearing the keys of the Kingdom to all nations. You are called to preach the Gospel of the Son of God to the nations of the earth; it is the will of your heavenly Father, that you proclaim His Gospel to the ends of the earth and the islands of the sea. In the body of his epistle, Jude discusses some issues and doctrines that are of particular interest to Latter-day Saints: the first estate, Michael the Archangel, the death of Moses, and nonbiblical texts the Assumption of Moses and 1 Enoch.

Clearly, his understanding was that the angels lost their position or first estate because of sin, but to what specific event was Jude referring? Many biblical commentators connect the passage with Genesis —4, which describes the sons of God taking daughters of men as wives. Certainly, there are numerous literary connections with the account in 1 Enoch.

Because of the Restoration, however, Latter-day Saints understand this passage very differently. These were those whom God promised He would make His rulers see v. President Heber J. The labors that we performed in the sphere that we left before we came here have had a certain effect upon our lives here, and to a certain extent they govern and control the lives that we lead here, just the same as the labors that we do here will control and govern our lives when we pass from this stage of existence.

And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Hence he was sent down, and it is said he drew many away with him; and the greatness of his punishment is that he shall not have a tabernacle. So the devil rose up in rebellion against God, and was cast down, with all who put up their heads for him.

In this capacity, he functions in a number of roles. Latter-day revelation provides additional information. The Doctrine and Covenants teaches us that Michael will play an important role at the resurrection and at the end of the Millennium. And the devil shall gather together his armies; even the hosts of hell, and shall come up to battle against Michael and his armies.

And then cometh the battle of the great God; and the devil and his armies shall be cast away into their own place, that they shall not have power over the saints any more at all. In addition to introducing Michael, verse 9 also includes an intriguing reference to a dispute between him and the devil over the body of Moses. According to some early Christian texts, Jude is quoting from a document known as the Assumption of Moses. Some Jewish sources accept that Moses died as other mortals.

Latter-day Saints understand these passages to mean that Moses did not die, but was translated, as was Elijah.

President Boyd K. There were things that both Elijah and Moses must pass on to others in the flesh in the generations that were still to come, and they would come back to earth to do that before experiencing the change from mortality to resurrected being.

It may be, therefore, that what Michael and the devil are disputing over is whether Moses was worthy to be translated, not who should have control of the body after he had died. The issue becomes even more significant where he, in verses 14—15, seems to be quoting from another nonbiblical text, 1 Enoch.

In the Christian Church, 1 Enoch appears to have played an important role. For example, two influential Christian authors from the second century quote from it: Irenaeus Against Heresies , 4. By the time of Jerome fifth century , however, many considered the quotation to be evidence that the Epistle of Jude was not inspired scripture. With time the early Christian Churches developed their own scriptural texts, which included texts that were not later included in the canon.

Other texts that were also quoted authoritatively in the early Christian Church included 1 Clement , the Epistle of Barnabas , and the Acts of Paul.

The Epistle of Jude is a short but important scriptural text. Because of the teachings of the Restoration, Latter-day Saints are well equipped to recognize and appreciate its contribution.

McConkie attempts to harmonize the apostolic lists in Matthew, Mark and Luke. See also the recent discussion by John F. James M. Robinson, rev. For a discussion on the theological outlook of the Thomas material, see Gregory J. Metzger and Bart D. Faulring, Kent P. Jackson, and Robert J. Matthews, eds. William F. Arndt and F. Wilbur Gingrich, rev. Wilbur Gingrich and Frederick W. Danker, 2nd ed.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , 90, s. Scholars generally argue that 2 Peter is dependent upon the material in Jude, but it has also been argued that Jude is dependent on 2 Peter or that both texts are drawing from an independent source.

For a discussion, see Wasserman, Epistle of Jude , 73— Geoffrey W. Eerdmans, — , s. Hinckley, and Thomas S. Monson, May 22, Watson, The Anchor Bible Dictionary , ed.

Wilfred G. Watson Leiden: E. Christian texts usually refer to Enoch and Elijah being translated, but not Moses 1 Clement , 9. Whereas the concept of canon presupposes the existence of scriptures, the concept of scripture does not necessarily entail the notion of canon. Religious Studies Center Religious Education. Site Search. Huntington , Frank F. Whitchurch , Editors. Go to Book. Show Citation.


Early Signs of the Apostasy

How can we find the addresses of the bishops of the wards our son attends in the military? What are the features in the edition of the Doctrine and Covenants that can aid us in our scripture study? The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has proclaimed to the world consistently since its beginning that there was an apostasy of the church founded by Jesus during his Palestinian ministry and led by his Apostles following his ascension. If there had not been an apostasy, there would have been no need for a restoration. Latter-day Saint theology asserts that the church of the Savior and his Apostles in the Old World came to an end within a century after its formation. Possibly the best single witness of the apostasy of New Testament Christianity is the New Testament itself. The New Testament writers prophesied that apostasy would take place in the Church and that the Church in fact would be overcome by it.

6SL3120-2TE15-0AA4 PDF

James E. Talmage

The Great Apostasy by James E. Leatherette Rare. Cover has normal wear and marks from use. Talmage Portuguese Ed Mormon. The Great Apostasy.

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